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Briantspuddle

Dorset. Pidele (1086) (DB), Brianis Pedille (1465). ‘Estate on the River Piddle held by a man called Brian’. OE river-name (see Piddlehinton) with manorial affix from 14th cent. lord of manor.

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Briantspuddle Village in Dorset

Briantspuddle is a village in Dorset, England situated within the Piddle Valley near to the villages of Affpuddle, Tolpuddle and Puddletown and approximately eight miles east of the county town of Dorchester. The village takes its name from Brian de Turberville, who was lord of the manor during the reign of Edward III and is in the Purbeck conservation. With a population of around 200, Briantspuddle was developed as a model village and is noted for its thatched cottages and village hall.

Contents

History

Thatching at work in Bladen Valley, Briantspuddle

The first known reference to the village can be found in the 'Geld', an assessment made for land tax purposes in 1083. The village was then known as "Pidele" and was held by a priest named Godric. The village was later mentioned in the Domesday Book in 1086 as having "land for three ploughs, a mill, thirty eight acres of meadow, 12 acres (49,000 m2) of woodland, eleven furlongs of pasture in length and 12 in width." This was valued at £4 and Godric was in charge of "about a dozen people who worked the land".

Cruck Cottage, one of the original 12 houses in Briantspuddle

By the 13th century, the village was known as "Priestpidele" (probably through its association with Godric), and by the 14th century was owned by several parties, including the Prior of Christchurch, the Frampton family and the Turberville family. In 1683 William Frampton united the manors of Throop, Briantspuddle and Affpuddle into a single estate.

In 1914 financial hardship forced the Frampton family to sell part of their estate, including the village of Briantspuddle, to Sir Ernest Debenham, (grandson of William Debenham, founder of the British department store Debenhams).[1]

A Model Village

Cottages in Bladen Valley clearly showing block construction

Briantspuddle once consisted of twelve cottages (which still exist within the village today) until Ernest Debenham expanded the village under the concept of creating a self-sufficient agricultural enterprise. By 1929 forty new cottages had been built to house the estate workers. His vision was that every house would have an inside toilet and at least a quarter of an acre of garden. Work was delayed by the First War.[2]

Many of the houses in the village are constructed from specially hand made 'airspaced' concrete blocks which were produced locally. These reduced the need for foundations and aimed to insulate by the air gaps and over 200,000 were produced annually.[1] The consistency of the design of these new houses with traditional Dorset building styles has created a rare example of a "model village", particularly in the Bladen Valley area. Unusually, the house numbers in the village were based on the order in which rent was collected, rather that the more traditional sequence of odd and even numbers.[3]

The Bladen Farms were an experiment to prove that under modern conditions it was possible for Dorset to produce a larger proportion of home-grown foods, especially of animal origin, than it did previously. Ernest Debenham argued that that this would "readjust the balance of population and enable a larger number of workers to live on the land". His plan was to support smaller neighbouring farms with special facilities that could provide economies of scale. This 'demonstration farm' replaced "middlemen and intermediaries" and the project was very successful at pasteurisation and other successes included egg production, electricity generation and selective breeding of livestock (as a result of which many prize winning sheep and cattle were produced), forestry, bee-keeping, and a farm veterinary service.[3] Following Debenham's death in 1952 the estate was broken up and sold.

The Old Dairy, part of Ernest Debenham's new development.

Today, Briantspuddle conveys an impression of idyllic Dorset sleepiness, and although popular with visitors, remains relatively unspoilt, having no car parks, souvenir shops or crowds of unruly tourists. Village community life is active and vibrant, but leans towards the older generation. Recent improvements in public transport links make life easier for those without access to a car.

Notable buildings

  • The dairy (known locally as 'the Ring') was the first to have large scale milking machines installed in Dorset.[4] In the 1920s up to 1,000 gallons of milk a day were brought in from surrounding farms for processing and bottling.[5]
  • There is no longer any dairy farm, most local dairy enterprise having succumbed to the complex milk monopoly. Beef production has replaced dairying as a much smaller income for local farmers, as well as horse farming.
  • The village hall is a converted thatched barn, rebuilt in 1803 by James Frampton and purchased by the parish Council in 1953.[6]
  • Cruck cottage is the oldest building in the village, dating back to 1620 and is so called because it has the original 'cruck beam' from ground to roof.[1]
Briantspuddle war memorial
  • The sculptor and artist Eric Gill (whose brother MacDonald Gill designed several houses in the village) was commissioned by Ernest Debenham to sculpt the 'Madonna and Child' war memorial in situ starting in January 1918 and completing the work an August. A column of Portland stone, the unusual memorial has an inscription from the fifteenth century mystic Julian of Norwich:

It is sooth that sin is cause of all this pain but all shall be well and all shall be well all manner of thing shall be well.

The cross was dedicated by the Bishop of Salisbury one day after the Armistice was signed in 1918.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b c De.Burgh, C; Snoxell, J. The Story of Briantspuddle.
  2. ^ Bowen, Ted (Autumn 2000). Sent from Briantspuddle. Purbeck. pp. 27–28.
  3. ^ a b "Briantspuddle". http://www.morningdata.co.uk/documents/towertimes/1-2001-Spring.pdf. Retrieved 2008-05-30.
  4. ^ Bladen Farms. Bladen Farm Estate. c 1930.
  5. ^ Miller, Alan (July 1999). A noble experiment. Dorset Life. pp. 29–31.
  6. ^ Brocklebank, Joan (1968). Affpuddle in the County of Dorset. Horace G. Cummin Ltd.. p. 89.
  7. ^ Collins, Judith (1998). Eric Gill - The Sculpture. The Overlook Press. pp. 104–105. ISBN 0-87951-830-8.

External links

Coordinates: 50°44′18″N 2°15′41″W / 50.7383°N 2.2614°W / 50.7383; -2.2614


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